The design of the new Guggenheim Museum in Helsinki has its origin in the sea. Its wild nature is poured onto the plot, combining all public spaces and all the elements of land development. The `Wave` hanging over the ground provides maximum transparency of the internal part and makes circulation inside the building easier. This shape formation makes natural sounds of the sea and water spread around the inside of the building, showing the real nature of Helsinki. The form of the museum is due to its spatial `Underwater/Urban` concept. The convex/concave atrium shapes the central `Meeting square' open to the sky and the sea with a view of the bay and the distant horizon. This concept generates a unique profile and shape that allow for an efficient use of the terrain and integration of the museum with the surrounding landscape.
The 'Urban` spatial concept is a series of separate buildings scattered around the plot in accordance with the urban principles of Helsinki. All alleys between the buildings are open to the surroundings - the bay on one side and the city on the other, thus the building and the city begin to form a uniform whole. The effect of the aforementioned is a `rhizome' which constitutes a canvas of a new open system of connections which we can join at any time and place. Sculptured buildings emerge from the sea as if they were towers from which we can observe - as from the deck of a ship - different forms, among others, of the central square, restaurants and cafes, exhibition halls, conference and training rooms. Particular towers are home to the Museum of Modern Art, the Museum of Classical Art, the Museum of Performance, and the Museum of Young Art. All the `museums` are designed to provide natural, upper light for the gallery. The amount of light can be controlled and reduced to the `blackout` option with screens located on the roofs.
Lokalizacja: Helsinki, Finlandia
Klient: Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation
Powierzchnia: 12 400m2
Program: modern art museum
The organic roof is shaped like a natural landscape and reflects the unconventional and non-linear arrangement of the museum like a surface tension in the sea. The exhibition halls, conference and research rooms are combined with many communication paths and maximum flexibility. The central square has been designed to hold numerous meetings and is the centre of the entire complex with a view at the `Water garden`. In the central part of the museum there aredepressions which serve as in-building gardens enriching the microclimate and supporting the heating system. Green gardens with naturally formed ponds enrich the internal landscape of the museum and multiply the sound of water. Moreover, the building of the museum is surrounded by the `Wild garden` which is a continuation of the arrangement inside. Numerous ponds and water reservoirs can be found within it as well as the `Sculpture Park`, the `Contemplation Garden`, the `Meditation Garden`, resting spaces and observation decks.
The constructions of the buildings are made of natural wood which emphasizes their uniquecharacter. The facades have been decorated with simple and monochromatic materials such as light-coloured concrete and raw metal panels that bring associations with ship hulls and port architecture. The whole premise takes advantage of the most sustainable green technologies. The 'Wave' structure is also entirely made of natural wood presenting broad capabilities of this local material. It is covered by modular panels finished in several variants like green vegetation panels, skylights or photovoltaic panels. The roof form is a reflection of the processes that are situated below, whereas the roofing reflects the modern pursuit of self-sufficient and economic implementations that are close to nature and man. The photovoltaic panels located on the `Wave` will provide 80% of the museum's demand for electricity. Numerous ponds with `rainwater` inside the building and around it will heat and cool the premise with nearly 400 geothermal wells.